ALLAHABAD = 9 letters. Out of these 9 letters there is 4 A's and 2 L's are there.
So, permutations = 9!/4!.2!= 7560.
There are 4 vowels and all are alike i.e. 4A's.
_2nd _4th _6th _8th _
These even places can be occupied by 4 vowels. In 4!/4! = 1 Way.
In other five places 5 other letter can be occupied of which two are alike i.e. 2L's.
Number of ways = 5!/2! Ways.
Hence, total number of ways in which vowels occupy the even places = 5!/2! *1 = 60 ways.
Taking both L's together and treating them as one letter we have 8 letters out of which A repeats 4 times and others are distinct.
These 8 letters can be arranged in 8!/4! = 1680 ways.
Also two L can be arranged themselves in 2! ways.
So, Total no. of ways in which L are together = 1680 * 2 = 3360 ways.
Total arrangement in which L never occur together,
= Total arrangement - Total no. of ways in which L occur together.
= 7560 - 3360 = 4200 ways.