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Problems on H.C.F and L.C.M
1.Find the greatest number that will divide 43, 91 and 183 so as to leave the same remainder in each case.

Answer:Option 1

Explanation:

Solution:
Required number = H.C.F. of (91 - 43), (183 - 91) and (183 - 43)
        = H.C.F. of 48, 92 and 140 = 4.

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2.The H.C.F. of two numbers is 23 and the other two factors of their L.C.M. are 13 and 14. The larger of the two numbers is:

Answer:Option 1

Explanation:

Solution:
Clearly, the numbers are (23 x 13) and (23 x 14).
∴ Larger number = (23 x 14) = 322.

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3.Six bells commence tolling together and toll at intervals of 2, 4, 6, 8 10 and 12 seconds respectively. In 30 minutes, how many times do they toll together ?

Answer:Option 1

Explanation:

Solution:
L.C.M. of 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12 is 120.
So, the bells will toll together after every 120 seconds(2 minutes).
In 30 minutes, they will toll together
30/2+1=16 times

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4.The greatest number of four digits which is divisible by 15, 25, 40 and 75 is:

Answer:Option 1

Explanation:

Solution:
Greatest number of 4-digits is 9999.
L.C.M. of 15, 25, 40 and 75 is 600.
On dividing 9999 by 600, the remainder is 399.
∴ Required number (9999 - 399) = 9600.

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5.The product of two numbers is 4107. If the H.C.F. of these numbers is 37, then the greater number is:

Answer:Option 1

Explanation:

Solution:
Let the numbers be 37a and 37b.
Then, 37a x 37b = 4107
ab = 3.
Now, co-primes with product 3 are (1, 3).
So, the required numbers are (37 x 1, 37 x 3) i.e., (37, 111).
∴ Greater number = 111.

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6.Three number are in the ratio of 3 : 4 : 5 and their L.C.M. is 2400. Their H.C.F. is:

Answer:Option 1

Explanation:

Solution:
Let the numbers be 3x, 4x and 5x.
Then, their L.C.M. = 60x.
So, 60x = 2400 or x = 40.
∴ The numbers are (3 x 40), (4 x 40) and (5 x 40).
Hence, required H.C.F. = 40.

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7.The G.C.D. of 1.08, 0.36 and 0.9 is:

Answer:Option 1

Explanation:

Solution:
Given numbers are 1.08, 0.36 and 0.90.   H.C.F. of 108, 36 and 90 is 18,
∴ H.C.F. of given numbers = 0.18.

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8.The least multiple of 7, which leaves a remainder of 4, when divided by 6, 9, 15 and 18 is:

Answer:Option 1

Explanation:

Solution:
L.C.M. of 6, 9, 15 and 18 is 90.
Let required number be 90k + 4, which is multiple of 7.
Least value of k for which (90k + 4) is divisible by 7 is k = 4.
∴Required number = (90 x 4) + 4 = 364.

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9.Find the lowest common multiple of 24, 36 and 40.

Answer:Option 1

Explanation:

Solution:
2|2436402|1218202|69103|395|135L.C.M=2×2×2×3×3×5=360

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10.The least number which should be added to 2497 so that the sum is exactly divisible by 5, 6, 4 and 3 is:

Answer:Option 1

Explanation:

Solution:
L.C.M. of 5, 6, 4 and 3 = 60.
On dividing 2497 by 60, the remainder is 37.
∴ Number to be added = (60 - 37) = 23.

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