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Course of Action
1.Statement : A large number of people in ward X of the city are diagnosed to be suffering from a fatal malaria type.

Courses of Action :
I. The city municipal authority should take immediate steps to carry out extensive fumigation in ward X.
II. The people in the area should be advised to take steps to avoid mosquito bites.

Answer:Option 1

Explanation:

Solution:
Clearly, prevention from mosquitoes and elimination of mosquitoes are two ways to prevent malaria. So, both the courses follow.

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2.Statement : Severe drought is reported to have set in several parts of the country.

Courses of Action :
I. Government should immediately make arrangement for providing financial assistance to those affected.
II. Food, water and fodder should immediately be sent to all these areas to save the people and cattle.

Answer:Option 1

Explanation:

Solution:
In the break-out of a natural calamity, the basic duty of the government becomes to provide the basic amenities essential to save the lives of people and cattle. Providing financial assistance to all would put undue burden on the country's resources. So, only II follows.

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3.Statement : Since its launching in 1981, Vayudoot has so far accumulated losses amounting to Rs 153 crore.

Courses of Action :
I. Vayudoot should be directed to reduce wasteful expenditure and to increase passenger fare.
II. An amount of about Rs 300 crore should be provided to Vayudoot to make the airliner economically viable.

Answer:Option 1

Explanation:

Solution:
Clearly, for better economic gain, losses should be reduced and income increased. So, only course I follows.

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4.Statement : A large number of people die every year due to drinking polluted water during the summer.

Courses of Action :
I. The government should make adequate arrangements to provide safe drinking water to all its citizens.
II. The people should be educated about the dangers of drinking polluted water.

Answer:Option 1

Explanation:

Solution:
The situation demands creating awareness among people about the dangers of drinking polluted water so that they themselves refrain from the same, and at the same time taking steps to provide safe drinking water. So, both the courses follow.

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5.Statement : Most of those who study in premier engineering colleges in India migrate to developed nations for better prospects in their professional pursuits.

Courses of Action :
I. All the students joining these colleges should be asked to sign a bond at the time of admission to the effect that they will remain in India at least for ten years after they complete education.
II. All those students who desire to settle in the developed nations should be asked to pay entire cost of their education which the government subsidises.

Answer:Option 1

Explanation:

Solution:
Clearly, no student can be bound to live and work in the country against his wish. So, I does not follow. However, it is quite right to recover the extra benefits awarded to students if they do not serve their own country. So, II follows.

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6.Statement : There is an unprecedented increase in migration of villagers to urban areas as repeated crop failure has put them into precarious financial situation.

Courses of Action :
I. The villagers should be provided with alternate source of income in their villages which will make them stay put.
II. The migrated villagers should be provided with jobs in the urban areas to help them survive.

Answer:Option 1

Explanation:

Solution:
Clearly, increased migration would add to the burden on city's infrastructure. So, attempts should be made to make the villagers feel comfortable in the villages itself. So, only course I follows.

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7.Statement : As stated in the recent census report the female to male ratio is alarmingly low.

Courses of Action :
I. The government should conduct another census to verify the results.
II. The government should immediately issue orders to all the departments to encourage people to improve the ratio.

Answer:Option 1

Explanation:

Solution:
A census is always conducted with the utmost precision, leaving chances of only negligible differences. So, I does not follow. Further, the ratio can be improved by creating awareness among the masses and abolishing female foeticide. Thus, only course II follows.

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8.Statement : If the retired Professors of the same Institutes are also invited to deliberate on restructuring of the organisation, their contribution may be beneficial to the Institute.

Courses of Action :
I. Management may seek opinion of the employees before calling retired professors.
II. Management should involve experienced people for the systematic restructuring of the organisation.

Answer:Option 1

Explanation:

Solution:
Clearly, the statement stresses that the contribution of retired Professors shall be beneficial. This means that these people's experience regarding working of the organisation is helpful. So, only course II follows.

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9.Statement : The sale of a particular product has gone down considerably causing great concern to the company.

Courses of Action :
I. The company should make a proper study of rival products in the market.
II. The price of the product should be reduced and quality improved.

Answer:Option 1

Explanation:

Solution:
Clearly, a study of rival products in the market will help assess the cause for the lowering down of sales and then a suitable action can be taken. Thus, only I follow.

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10.Statement : The Asian Development Bank has approved a $285 million loan to finance a project to construct coal ports by Paradip and Madras Port Trusts.

Courses of Action :
I. India should use financial assistance from other international financial organisations to develop such ports in other places.
II. India should not seek such financial assistance from the international financial agencies.

Answer:Option 1

Explanation:

Solution:
Clearly, such projects shall be an asset and a source of income to the country later on. So, course I shall follow.

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