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Statement and Assumption
1.Directions : In each of the following questions a statement is given, followed by two conclusions. Give answer :

Statement : "You are hereby appointed as a programmer with a probation period of one year and your performance will be reviewed at the end of the period for confirmation." - A line in an appointment letter.

Assumptions :
I. The performance of an individual generally is not known at the time of appointment offer. II. Generally an individual tries to prove his worth in the probation period.

Answer:Option 1

Explanation:

Solution:
The performance of the individual has to be tested over a span of time as the statement mentions. So, I is implicit. The statement mentions that the individual's worth shall be reviewed (during probation period) before confirmation. So, II is also implicit.

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2.Directions : In each of the following questions a statement is given, followed by two conclusions. Give answer :

Statement : It is desirable to put the child in school at the age of 5 or so.

Assumptions:
I. At that age the child reaches appropriate level of development and is ready to learn.
II. The schools do not admit children after six years of age.

Answer:Option 1

Explanation:

Solution:
Since the statement talks of putting the child in school at the age of 5, it means that the child is mentally prepared for the same at this age. So, I is implicit. But nothing about admission after 6 years of age is mentioned in the statement. So, II is not implicit.

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3.Directions : In each of the following questions a statement is given, followed by two conclusions. Give answer :

Statement : "In order to bring punctuality in our office, we must provide conveyance allowance to our employees." - In charge of a company tells Personnel Manager.

Assumptions :
I. Conveyance allowance will not help in bringing punctuality.
II. Discipline and reward should always go hand in hand.

Answer:Option 1

Explanation:

Solution:
Assumption I goes against the statement. So, it is not implicit. The allowance will serve as a reward to the employees and shall provoke them to come on time. So, II is implicit.

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4.Directions : In each of the following questions a statement is given, followed by two conclusions. Give answer :

Statement : "If you trouble me, I will slap you." - A mother warns her child.

Assumptions :
I. With the warning, the child may stop troubling her.
II. All children are basically naughty.

Answer:Option 1

Explanation:

Solution:
The mother warns her child with the expectation that he would stop troubling her. So, I is implicit. The general nature of children cannot be derived from the statement. So, II is not implicit.

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5.Directions : In each of the following questions a statement is given, followed by two conclusions. Give answer :

Statement : The State government has decided to appoint four thousand primary school teachers during the next financial year.

Assumptions :
I. There are enough schools in the state to accommodate four thousand additional primary school teachers.
II. The eligible candidates may not be interested to apply as the government may not finally appoint such a large number of primary school teachers.

Answer:Option 1

Explanation:

Solution:
Such decisions as given in the statement are taken only after taking the existing vacancies into consideration. So, I implicit while II isn't.

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6.Directions : In each of the following questions a statement is given, followed by two conclusions. Give answer :

Statement : A warning in a train compartment - "To stop train, pull chain. Penalty for improper use Rs. 500."

Assumptions :
I. Some people misuse the alarm chain.
II. On certain occasions, people may want to stop a running train.

Answer:Option 1

Explanation:

Solution:
Clearly, the penalty is imposed to prevent people from misusing the alarm chain. This means that some people misuse it. So, I is implicit. The alarm chain is provided to stop the running train in times of urgency. So, II is also implicit.

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7.Directions : In each of the following questions a statement is given, followed by two conclusions. Give answer :

Statement : If it is easy to become an engineer, I don't want to be an engineer.

Assumptions :
I. An individual aspires to be professional.
II. One desires to achieve a thing which is hard earned.

Answer:Option 1

Explanation:

Solution:
Clearly, nothing is mentioned about the professional nature of the job. So, I is not implicit. The statement hints that one rejects a thing that is easy to achieve. So, II is implicit.

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8.Directions : In each of the following questions a statement is given, followed by two conclusions. Give answer :

Statement : "The bridge was built at the cost of Rs. 128 crores and even civil bus service is not utilizing it, what a pity to see it grossly underutilized." - A citizen's view on a new flyover linking east and west sides of a suburb.

Assumptions :
I. The building of such bridges does not serve any public objective.
II. There has to be some accountability and utility of money spent on public projects.

Answer:Option 1

Explanation:

Solution:
Clearly, the statement expresses grave concern over a newly-built flyover not being utilized by public. This implies that such projects need to be taken up only after working out their utility and that the huge expenditure incurred on building such structures is worthwhile only if they prove useful for the public. Thus, only II is implicit.

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9.Directions : In each of the following questions a statement is given, followed by two conclusions. Give answer :

Statement : The Government has decided to levy 2 percent on the tax amount payable for funding drought relief programmes.

Assumptions :
I. The Government does not have sufficient money to fund drought relief programmes.
II. The amount collected by way of surcharge may be adequate to fund these drought relief programmes.

Answer:Option 1

Explanation:

Solution:
Since a surcharge has been levied to fund drought relief programmes, it follows that the Government does not have sufficient money for the same. So, I is implicit. Besides, the percentage of surcharge must have been decided after studying the expected inflow in relation to amount of funds required. So, II is also implicit.

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10.Directions : In each of the following questions a statement is given, followed by two conclusions. Give answer :

Statement : Detergents should be used to clean clothes.

Assumptions : I. Detergents form more lather.
II. Detergents help to dislodge grease and dirt.

Answer:Option 1

Explanation:

Solution:
Nothing is mentioned about lather formation by the detergent. So, I is not implicit. Also, detergents should be used as they clean clothes better and more easily. So, II is implicit.

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