Where a Proclamation of Emergency is in operation, the President may by order declare that the right to move any court for the enforcement of such of 1[the rights conferred by Part III (except articles 20 and 21)] as may be mentioned in the order and all proceedings pending in any court for the enforcement of the rights so mentioned shall remain suspended for the period during which the Proclamation is in force or for such shorter period as may be specified in the order.
Nagaland on 1st December 1963.
Haryana on 1st November 1966
Sikkim on 16th May 1975.
Arunachal Pradesh on 20th Feb 1987.
Yielding the floor. The speaker of the Lok sabha can ask a member of the house to stop speaking and let another member speak.
Crossing the floor: Passing between the member addressing the House and the Chair which is considered breach of Parliamentary etiquette.
Point of Order: A Member of Parliament may raise a point of order if he feels that the proceedings of' the House do not follow the normal rules. The presiding officer decides whether the point of order raised by the member should be allowed.
Calling Attention Motion: With the prior permission of the Speaker, any member of the Parliament may call the attention of a Minister to a matter of urgent public importance. The Minister may make a brief statement about the matter or he may ask for time to make a statement later.
Kaka Kalelkar Commission:
The Backward Class Commission was appointed in 1953 with Kaka Kalelkar as the Chairman. The Commission was asked to determine the criteria to be adopted to provide concessions to “socially and educationally backward classes” besides the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes; the Commission was also asked to prepare a list of such classes.
Tenth schedule of the Constitution : Added by 52nd amendment in 1985. Contains provisions of disqualification of grounds of defection.
Eleventh schedule of the Constitution: By 73rd amendment in 1992. Contains provisions of Panchayati Raj.
Twelfth schedule of the Constitution: By 74thamendment in 1992. Contains provisions of Municipal Corporation.
Australian Constitution: Principle of co-operative federalism, Freedom of inter-state trade, commerce and intercourse, Idea of concurrent list.
UK Constitution: Law making procedures, Parliamentary Government, Rule of Law, Single citizenship, Cabinet system.
US Constitution: Fundamental Rights, Independent judiciary, Judicial review, Procedure for the removal of the judges of the Supreme court and High courts, Role of Vice President
Irish Constitution: Directive Principles of State Policy, The method of the presidential election, Nominating members of Rajya Sabha.
Legislative Councils in States covered in article 169.
Article 81 specifies the number of seats for the Lok Sabha.
Article 51A Specifies Fundamental Duties.
Article 80 Specifies the number of seats for the Rajya Sabha.
The Inter State Council was established in 1990 in pursuance of the recommendation made by Sarkaria Commission (1983-87).
The Comptroller and Auditor General of India can be removed from office in like manner and on like grounds as Supreme Court Judge .
Referendum: A public vote with possibly legally binding consequences.
Repatriation: The sending back of someone to his country of origin such as an illegal immigrant or prisoner of war.
Representative democracy: In modern times what is commonly know as a democracy, even though the people do not directly vote on actual issues and laws but surrender that right to their duly elected representatives.
Republic: Defined by some sources as simply a democracy, but otherwise loosely described as a form of government where, in word or deed, rule is constrained by institutional frameworks and is not by the selected few. Not an oligarchy but not necessarily a democracy. The Roman Republic was the original precedent for republicanism. Apartheid South Africa, by this definition, was a republic.