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Statement and Conclusion
1.Directions : In each of the following questions a statement is given, followed by two conclusions. Give answer :

Statements : In a one day cricket match, the total runs made by a team were 200. Out of these 160 runs were made by spinners.

Conclusions :
I. 80% of the team consists of spinners.
II. The opening batsmen were spinners.

Answer:Option 1

Explanation:

Solution:
According to the statement, 80% of the total runs were made by spinners. So, I does not follow. Nothing about the opening batsmen is mentioned in the statement. So, II also does not follow.

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2.Directions : In each of the following questions a statement is given, followed by two conclusions. Give answer :

Statements : The old order changed yielding place to new.

Conclusions :
I. Change is the law of nature.
II. Discard old ideas because they are old.

Answer:Option 1

Explanation:

Solution:
Clearly, I directly follows from the given statement. Also, it is mentioned that old ideas are replaced by new ones, as thinking changes with the progressing time. So, II does not follow.

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3.Directions : In each of the following questions a statement is given, followed by two conclusions. Give answer :

Statements : Government has spoiled many top ranking financial institutions by appointing bureaucrats as Directors of these institutions.

Conclusions :

I. Government should appoint Directors of the financial institutes taking into consideration the expertise of the person in the area of finance.
II. The Director of the financial institute should have expertise commensurate with the financial work carried out by the institute.

Answer:Option 1

Explanation:

Solution:
According to the statement, Government has spoiled financial institutions by appointing bureaucrats as Directors. This means that only those persons should be appointed as Directors who are experts in finance and are acquainted with the financial work of the institute. So, both I and II follow.

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4.Directions : In each of the following questions a statement is given, followed by two conclusions. Give answer :

Statements : Prime age school-going children in urban India have now become avid as well as more regular viewers of television, even in households without a TV. As a result there has been an alarming decline in the extent of readership of newspapers.

Conclusions :
I. Method of increasing the readership of newspapers should be devised.
II. A team of experts should be sent to other countries to study the impact of TV. on the readership of newspapers.

Answer:Option 1

Explanation:

Solution:
The statement concentrates on the increasing viewership of TV. and does not stress either on increasing the readership of newspapers or making studies regarding the same. So, neither I nor II follows.

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5.Directions : In each of the following questions a statement is given, followed by two conclusions. Give answer :

Statements : In Japan, the incidence of stomach cancer is very high, while that of bowel cancer is very low. But Japanese immigrate to Hawaii, this is reversed - the rate of bowel cancer increases but the rate of stomach cancer is reduced in the next generation. All this is related to nutrition - the diets of Japanese in Hawaii are different than those in Japan.

Conclusions :
I. The same diet as in Hawaii should be propagated in Japan also.
II. Bowel cancer is less severe than stomach cancer.

Answer:Option 1

Explanation:

Solution:
The statement neither propagates the diet of any of the countries nor compares the two types of cancer. So, neither I nor II follows.

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6.Directions : In each of the following questions a statement is given, followed by two conclusions. Give answer :

Statements : The Government run company had asked its employees to declare their income and assets but it has been strongly resisted by employees union and no employee is going to declare his income.

Conclusions :
I. The employees of this company do not seem to have any additional undisclosed income besides their salary.
II. The employees union wants all senior officers to declare their income first.

Answer:Option 1

Explanation:

Solution:
Nothing about the details of the employees' income or the cause of their refusal to declare their income and assets, can be deduced from the given statement. So, neither I nor II follows.

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7.Directions : In each of the following questions a statement is given, followed by two conclusions. Give answer :

Statements : Monitoring has become an integral part in the planning of social development programmes. It is recommended that Management Information System be developed for all programmes. This is likely to give a feedback on the performance of the functionaries and the efficacy with which services are being delivered.

Conclusions :
I. All the social development programmes should be evaluated.
II. There is a need to monitor the performance of workers.

Answer:Option 1

Explanation:

Solution:
According to the statement, monitoring and evaluation of social development programmes - their function, performance and efficiency - is absolutely essential. So, both I and II follow.

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8.Directions : In each of the following questions a statement is given, followed by two conclusions. Give answer :

Statements : The distance of 900 km by road between Bombay and Jafra will be reduced to 280 km by sea. This will lead to a saving of Rs. 7.92 crores per annum on fuel.

Conclusions :
I. Transportation by sea is cheaper than that by road.
II. Fuel must be saved to the greatest extent

Answer:Option 1

Explanation:

Solution:
According to the statement, sea transport is cheaper than road transport in the case of route from Bombay to Jafra, not in all the cases. So, conclusion I does not follow. The statement stresses on the saving of fuel. So, conclusion II follows.

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9.Directions : In each of the following questions a statement is given, followed by two conclusions. Give answer :

Statements : The manager humiliated Sachin in the presence of his colleagues.

Conclusions :
I. The manager did not like Sachin.
II. Sachin was not popular with his colleagues.

Answer:Option 1

Explanation:

Solution:
The manager might have humiliated Sachin not because of his dislike but on account of certain negligence or mistake on his part. So, I does not follow. Also, nothing about Sachin's rapport with his colleagues can be deduced from the statement. So, II also does not follow.

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10.Directions : In each of the following questions a statement is given, followed by two conclusions. Give answer :

Statements : Women's organisations in India have welcomed the amendment of the Industrial Employment Rules 1946 to curb sexual harassment at the work place.

Conclusions :
I. Sexual harassment of women at work place is more prevalent in India as compared to other developed countries.
II. Many organisations in India will stop recruiting women to avoid such problems.

Answer:Option 1

Explanation:

Solution:
The fact that a certain rule has been more welcomed in a certain country does not imply that the problem is more prevalent there. So, I does not follow. Also, the amendment seeks to discourage only sexual harassment of women and shall in no way discourage employment of women. So, II also does not follow.

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